Azdg dating in botswana

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Formerly Bechuanaland Protectorate under the British, Botswana became independent in 1966.

Bot swana means "place of Tswana" in the dominant national language ( Set swana), and the citizenry are called Bat swana, or Tswana people.

Later, as independence movements emerged across Africa, people from a variety of ethnic groups looked forward to independence and formed political parties. Independence was granted to the newly named Republic of Botswana in 1966. As a new nation, Botswana emphasized nonethnic citizenship and liberal democracy.

Tswana polities under Tswana chiefs moved into Botswana from the south and east in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, some responding to the rise of the Zulu state and European encroachments.

The term Batswana, however, bears a double meaning.

In government rhetoric, it refers to all citizens of Botswana.

The double meaning has also permitted the fiction, widely accepted in outside reporting, that Botswana's success as a multiparty liberal democracy is based on an ethnically homogeneous population, when abundant state resources based upon diamond mining, responsibly and equitably distributed, are the more likely source of stability. Bordering on South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia, and Zambia, it is 224,607 square miles (581,730 square kilometers) in area, about the same size as France.

This fiction may indeed have supported the building of an officially nonethnic, state-oriented society, but has come under sharp challenge in the 1990s, as minority groups request the privileges of official recognition. Two-thirds of the country is comprised of the Kalahari Desert, which is covered with grasses and scrub but has scarce surface water.

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