Dating rock layers fossils
353-354.) “A circular argument arises: Interpret the fossil record in the terms of a particular theory of evolution, inspect the interpretation, and note that it confirms the theory. ” (Kemp, Tom, “A Fresh Look at the Fossil Record,” vol. Darwinian theory, however, is supposed to have, in addition to evolution, other less sweeping consequences which are more amenable to observational test. For most biologists the strongest reason for accepting the evolutionary hypothesis is their acceptance of some theory that entails it. The temporal ordering of biological events beyond the local section may critically involve paleontological correlation, which necessarily presupposes the non-repeatability of organic events in geologic history.
There are various justifications for this assumption but for almost all contemporary paleontologists it rests upon the acceptance of the evolutionary hypothesis.” (Kitts, David B., “Paleontology and Evolutionary Theory,” vol. 466.) “The intelligent layman has long suspected circular reasoning in the use of rocks to date fossils and fossils to date rocks.
Scientists have determined the relative times of appearance and disappearance of many kinds of organisms from the location of their fossils within the sedimentary rock layers.” (Glenco, 1994, pp. 714.) “The procession of life was never witnessed, it is inferred.
306-307.) “No paleontologist worthy of the name would ever date his fossils by the strata in which they are found. The vertical sequence of fossils is thought to represent a process because the enclosing rocks are interpreted as a process.
25.) “We define stratigraphic disorder as the departure from perfect chronological order of fossils in a stratigraphic sequence.
Plessa, “Fossils out of Sequence: Computer Simulations and Strategies for Dealing with Stratigraphic Disorder,” vol. 227.) “Contrary to what most scientists write, the fossil record does not support the Darwinian theory of evolution because it is this theory (there are several) which we use to interpret the fossil record.
It is almost the first thing I teach my first-year students. al., : Biostratigraphy: Time Scales from Graphic and Quantitative Methods,” , 2004, p. The rocks do date the fossils, but the fossils date the rocks more accurately.
Ever since William Smith at the beginning of the 19th century, fossils have been and still are the best and most accurate method of dating and correlating the rocks in which they occur. 49.) “Are the authorities maintaining, on the one hand, that evolution is documented by geology and, on the other that geology is documented by evolution? Stratigraphy cannot avoid this kind of reasoning, if it insists on using only temporal concepts, because circularity is inherent in the derivation of time scales.” (O’Rourke, J.
(Welles, Samuel Paul, “Paleontology,” In some cases darwinists have recognized circularity as a typical problem in evolutionary models and worked to avoid it.
“To test this idea, we matched earliest Cambrian records of carbon isotope variability from Siberia, Mongolia, and China with a Moroccan record constrained by five radiometric ages from interbedded volcanic ashes.